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Turabian / Chicago Style - History

Setting up Footnotes in Microsoft Word


Footnotes come at the bottom of each page, separated from the text with a typed line, 1 and ½ inches long.

To acknowledge a source in your paper, place a superscript number (raised slightly above the line) immediately after the end punctuation of a sentence containing the quotation, paraphrase, or summary -- as, for example, at the end of this sentence.1 Do not put any punctuation after the number.

In the footnote itself, use the same number. The notes themselves are single-spaced, and the first line of each note is indented five spaces from the left margin.

If a single paragraph of your paper contains several references from the same author, it is acceptable to use one number after the last quotation, paraphrase, or summary to indicate the source for all of the material used in that paragraph.


You can save yourself a lot of time and effort if you use the features within Microsoft Word to automatically number and structure your footnotes.

When you are ready to cite your first source in your paper, end your sentence and punctuation. Then, click the References tab on the Word toolbar. Click Insert Footnote. This will automatically add a superscript number at the end of your sentence, and it will also create a place at the bottom of the page for you to type the footnote. Repeat this process every time you cite a source in your paper.

Image Footnotes in Microsoft Word

Check the samples of footnotes. Please notice the order of the items in each note as well as the punctuation. The first time a work is cited, full information is given (author, title, volume, publication information, page, etc.).