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An oral citation conveys the reliability, validity and currency of your information. Citing your sources orally lets your audience know that you have researched your topic.
Failure to provide an oral citation is considered a form of plagiarism, even if you cite your sources in a written outline, bibliography, works cited, or references page. When you are delivering a speech, you must provide an oral citation for any words, information or ideas that are not your own.
When you use images or researched information within a visual aid (like a PowerPoint), it is important that you cite it properly. A title slide and full Works Cited is important within your visual aid, but you still must cite your sources out loud when you use or refer to them.
If you are citing a website you need to establish the credibility, currency and objectivity (fact vs. opinion) of the site.
the title of the website
the “author”/organization/sponsor that supports the site
the site’s “credentials” You can confirm a site’s “credentials” by looking for links as: “About us” or “Our Mission” or “Who we are”
the last date it was updated, if known
the date you accessed the site.
Tip: If you cannot find this information on a web site, you may want to consider finding a different source.
“One of the most active developers of neurotechnology, Cyberkinetics.com, claims on their website, last updated on March 24, 2020, that…”
“From the website maintained by the Wisconsin Council of Dairy Farmers entitled “Dairy Products and Your Diet”, as of January 10, 2020, yogurt…” (or “of an unknown date which I accessed on September 18th of this year”), yogurt proves to be…”
In an oral citation of a website, you do not need to give the URL.