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**LINKS & BOXES**: Test



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When using a journal, magazine, or newspaper article, give information about the author (if relevant) and the date and title of the publication.


  • “According to Len Zehm, a sports columnist for the Chicago Sun Times, in an article from May 31, 2006…”
  • “Newsweek magazine of December 4, 2005 lists bankruptcy as the…”
  • “In the latest Gallup Poll, cited in last week’s issue of Time magazine…”

The title of the article does not need to be stated, but may be included if relevant. You also do not need to include the page number or the name of the database/library where the article was found.

Cite an article in a paperAPA  |  MLA

For books, give the title, the year of publication, and a brief mention of the author's credentials.

  • "In his 2005 book, Eating to Be Smart, Charles Larson, a registered dietitian, notes that consuming yogurt…”

There is no need to mention the page or publisher.

If you are citing a website you need to establish the credibility, currency and objectivity (fact vs. opinion) of the site.

  • the title of the website
  • the “author”/organization/sponsor that supports the site
  • the site’s “credentials” You can confirm a site’s “credentials” by looking for links as: “About us” or “Our Mission” or “Who we are”
  • the last date it was updated, if known
  • the date you accessed the site.

Tip: If you cannot find this information on a web site, you may want to consider finding a different source.

  • “One of the most active developers of neurotechnology,, claims on their website, last updated on March 24, 2006, that…”
  • “From the website maintained by the Wisconsin Council of Dairy Farmers entitled “Dairy Products and Your Diet”, as of January 10, 2007, yogurt…” (or “of an unknown date which I accessed on September 18th of this year”), yogurt proves to be…”


In an oral citation of a website, you do not need to give the URL.

Caution: If a website quotes a book, magazine or newspaper, remember that your source is the website, not the book/magazine/newspaper from which the quote originates.
  • “From a website supported by, a commercial website promoting the religion of Islam, the book Principles of Oceanography is quoted as stating that…”

When citing an interview, give the person's name and credentials, date of interview, as well as the fact that the information was obtained from a personal interview:


  • “In a personal interview on January 15 that I conducted with Nancy Manes, head of cardiac care at Central DuPage Hospital, the most important…”