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Citing Guide

IEEE Style Manual

The IEEE Editorial Style Manual is available for free online. View this document for full citation details.

View a sample paper in IEEE Style [Word].

Who Should Use IEEE Style?

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Style is used primarily for publications in engineering, electronics, telecommunications, computer science and information technology.

IEEE Style

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Each citation consists of two parts:

1.     The in-text citation - provides very brief identifying information within the text

2.     The reference list - full identifying information about each source used.

How to Format: In-Text Citations | Reference Lists


How to Format In-Text Citations

An in-text citation consists of a number enclosed by square brackets:

Examples:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization [1].

Rakita [2] states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

"Several recent studies [3], [4], [5], [6] have suggested that fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization."


How to Format Reference Lists

Book - Single Author:
[1] B. Klaus, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 1986.

Book - 2-5 authors:
[2] B. Klaus, J.K. Smith, and P. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 1986.

Book - 6 or more authors:
[3] D.A. Evans, et al. Chemistry in America: Thinkers and Contributors. Boston, MA, USA: McGraw-Hill, 2015.

Edited Book:
[4] M.A. Smith, Ed., Handbook of Mathematical Functions. Washington, DC, USA: NBS Press, 2004, pp. 32-35.

Entry or Chapter in a Book:
[5] L. Stein, "Random patterns," in Computers and You, J.S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55-58.

Print Article:
[6] J. U. Duncombe, "Infrared navigation - Part I: An assessment of feasibility," IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34-39, Jan. 1959.

Article from a Library Database:
[7] H. K. Edwards and V. Sridhar, "Analysis of software requirements engineering exercises in a global virtual team setup," Journal of Global Information Management, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 21+, April-June 2005. [Online]. Available: ProQuest Central, https://search.proquest.com/pqcentral/index. [Accessed May 31, 2015].

Article from a Website:
[8] A. Altun, "Understanding hypertext in the context of reading on the web: Language learners' experience," Current Issues in Education, vol. 6, no. 12, July 2003. [Online]. Available: http://cie.ed.asu.edu/volume6/number12/. [Accessed Dec. 2, 2014].

Website:
[9] U.S. Navy deploys Standard Missile-6 for first time. (2013, Dec. 2). General Electric. [Online]. Available: http://raytheon.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=2473

Online Video:
[10] HKUST Library. (2013, Oct. 9). “How to Cite in IEEE Style.” [YouTube video]. Available: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18uWvm6W4bc. Accessed Jun. 12, 2014.

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