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Citing Guide

Who Should Use ACS Style?

The American Chemical Society Style, or ACS Style, is generally used by students, professors, and other experts writing in the discipline of chemistry.

Students at SCC writing research papers in many science courses may follow the citation instructions on this guide to correctly cite the sources used during their research.

ACS Style

ACS Style Guide Book Cover

Each citation consists of two parts:

1.     The in-text citation - provides very brief identifying information within the text.

2.     The reference list - full identifying information about each source used.

How to Format: In-Text Citations | Reference Lists


How to Format In-Text Citations

Select one of the three methods below to cite in-text references:

Superscript numbers

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.¹

Within the cited information:
Rakita¹ states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

Italic numbers

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (1).

Within the cited information:
Rakita (1) states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

Author name and year of publication

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (Rakita, 2004).

Within the cited information:
Rakita states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (2004).

Note: for two authors use "and": Rakita and Smith. For more than two authors use "et al.": Rakita et al.


How to Format Reference Lists

Book - Single Author:

Chang, R. General Chemistry: The Essential Concepts, 3rd ed.; McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2013.

Book - 2 authors:

Smith, J. and Williams, T. Organic Chemistry: Principles and Concepts, 2nd ed.; McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2014.

Book - 3 or more authors:

Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Chemistry in America: Thinkers and Contributors, 2nd ed.; McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2015.

Edited Book:

Gbalint-Kurti, G. G. Wavepacket Theory of Photodissociation and Reactive Scattering. In Advances in Chemical Physics; Rice, S. A., Ed.; Wiley: New York, 2014; Vol. 128; p 257.

Entry in a Reference Book:

Powder Metallurgy. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed.; Wiley: New York, 1999; Vol. 19, pp 28-62.

Print Article:

Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 10033-10046.

Article from a Library Database:

Begley, S. When Does Your Brain Stop Making New Neurons? Newsweek [Online] July 2, 2007, p 62. Science Direct. http://sciencedirect.com (accessed Aug 23, 2015).

Article from a Website:

Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007, 11, 383-393 http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug 23, 2015).

Website:

National Library of Medicine. Environmental Health and Toxicology: Specialized Information Services. http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro.html (accessed Aug 23, 2015).

Online Video:

Khan Academy. Naming Simple Alkanes. https://youtu.be/NRFPvLp3r3g?list=PL7305D1BC80498DA6 (accessed Aug 23, 2015).
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