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Citing Guide

Decorative Image MLA


A few things to remember!Reminder Decorative Image

  • Always use double-spacing, Times New Roman font, and 12 point font size in your paper and on your Works Cited page.
  • Always use hanging indents on your Works Cited citations. If a citation is longer than a single line, make sure to indent (or tab in) every line after the first line. The top line of the citation should be left "hanging."
  • MLA recommends all sources, regardless of format, are cited using the core elements in this order, whenever possible: Author, title of source, title of container, other contributors, version, number, publisher, publication date, location.


Basic Form:

Author of Webpage. "Webpage Title." Title of Overall Website, Published/Uploaded Date, URL (omit http:// or https://).


Hollmichel, Stefanie. "The Reading Brain." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,

Brown, Philip. "The Murder of the Handicapped." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 14 Dec. 2015,

Cite a Website Here

Print Book

Basic Form:

Author. Book Title. Publisher, Year of Publication.


Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

Tobias, Jacob, Mark Edwards, and Peter Smith. Schizophrenia and Treatment in Older Adults. UNC P, 2014.

Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital Humanities. MIT P, 2012.

Nunberg, Geoffrey, editor. The Future of the Book. U of California P, 1996.

Holland, Merlin, and Rupert Hart-Davis, editors. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde. Henry Holt, 2000.

Cite a Book Here


Basic Form:

Author. eBook Title. Publisher, Publication Date. Database Name, URL (omit http:// or https://).


Conrad, Christian, and Marjorie Ellis Thompson. The New Brand Spirit. Gowker, 2016. Ebook Central,

Sutton-Smith, Brian, editor. Children's Folklore: A Source Book. Utah State UP, 1999. HathiTrust Digital Library,;c=869533047.

Cite an eBook Here (select tab for eBooks)

Work in an Anthology or Collection

Basic Form:

Author. "Chapter/Poem/Essay Title." Book Title, edited by Editor Name(s), Publisher, Publication Date, page(s).


Boswell, John. “Categories, Experience, and Sexuality.” Columbia Reader on Lesbian and Gay Men in Media, Society, and Politics, edited by Larry Gross and James D. Woods, Columbia UP, 1999, pp. 36-47.

Cite a Work in an Anthology or Collection Here

Recorded Film (DVD or VHS Format)

Basic Form:

Title of Movie. Director's Name. Performers Names. Production Company, Year of Release. 


The Usual Suspects. Directed by Bryan Singer. Performances by Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benicio Del Toro. Polygram, 1995. 

Cite a Movie Here

Print Scholarly Journal Article

Basic Form:

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title, volume number, issue number, Date, page(s).


Goldman, Anne. "Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante." The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88.

Cite a Journal Article Here

Print Newspaper or Magazine Article

Basic Form:

Author. "Article Title." Newspaper or Magazine Title, Date, page(s).


Williams, Michael. "The Iraq War: Ten Years Later." The New York Times, 9 Nov. 2013, p. A9.

Jones, Paula. "How to Dye Hair Without Causing Hair Loss." Hairstyling Today, 16 Jan. 2016, pp. 12-18.

Cite a Print Newspaper or Magazine Here

Article from a Library Database

Basic Form:

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title, volume number, issue number, year, page(s). Database Title, URL (omit http:// or https://).


Aitchison, Clyde B. "The Mormon Settlements in the Missouri Valley." The Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, vol. 8, no. 3, 1907, pp. 276-289. JSTOR,

Howorth, Carole, Sue Tempest, and Christine Coupland. "Rethinking Entrepreneurship Methodology." Journal of Small Business, vol. 12, no. 1, 2005, pp. 24-40. ProQuest,

Cite a Journal Article Here

Article on a Website

Basic Form:

Author. "Article Title." Website Title, Publication Date, URL (omit http:// or https://).


Johnston, Ronald. "Bloggers Need Not Apply." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 23 June 2009,

Cite an Article on a Website Here

Image on a Website

Basic Form:

Author/Owner/Creator. Image Description (Photo, Mural, Graphic, etc.) of Image Title. "Webpage Title," Publication/Upload Date. Title of Overall Webpage, URL (omit http:// or https://).


Sheldon, Natasha. Photo of The Muleteer. “Human Remains in Pompeii: The Body Casts,” 23 Mar. 2014. Decoded Past,

Cite an Image Here

YouTube or Video on a Website

Basic Form:

"Video Title." Website Title, uploaded by Author/Creator/Owner, Upload Date, URL (omit http:// or https://).


"Island Fever Blues." YouTube, uploaded by Jake Shimabukuro, 31 Aug. 2012,

Cite an Online Video Here

Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime

Basic Form (Episode):

"Video Title." Series Name, season number, episode number, Network, Date Aired. Streaming Service, URL (omit http:// or https://).

Examples (Episode):

"Under the Gun." Pretty Little Liars, season 4, episode 6, ABC Family, 16 July 2013. Hulu,

"Victim of the Night." Bosch, season 2, episode 3,, 11 Mar. 2016. Amazon Prime,

Cite a Streaming TV Episode Here

Basic Form (Movie):

Movie Title. Directed by Director Name, performances by Primary Actors/Actresses, Film Studio or Distributor, Release Year. Streaming Service, URL.

Example (Movie):

Beauty and the Beast. Directed by Bill Condon, performances by Emma Watson, Dan Stevens, Luke Evans, and Josh Gad, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, 2017. Netflix,

Cite a Streaming Movie Here

Tweet or Other Short Message

Basic Form:

@TwitterHandle. “Content of Tweet.” Twitter, Date, Time, URL (omit http:// or https://).


@nprinskeep. "There are reports of large street battles north & south of Tehran right now #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m.,


Basic Form:

Author. "Title of Message." Recipient, Date Sent.


Smith, Anthony J. "Re: Inquiry." Received by Jalen Thompson, 5 June 2015.

Cite an Email Here


Basic Form:

Interviewee. Personal interview. Date of Interview.


Smith, Jane. Personal interview. 19 May 2014.

Cite an Interview Here (select Personal Interview)

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